Electric cars also popular as Eco friendly cars. Environmentally friendly cars or green cars provide a safe driving experience. An electric car is powered by an electric motor and it is not dependent on a combination of a gasoline engine or any other fuel source to run. Consequently, they produce low carbon compounds and less toxic fuels. Many of these vehicles come with tax rebates, so they offer an additional financial incentive to the drivers. Here are the best types of electric and fuel-efficient vehicles.
Types of electric cars
Electric cars, which are sometimes also known as all-electric vehicles (EVs), are generally propelled by at least one electric motor that gain its energy from rechargeable battery packs. This makes them undoubtedly the most environmentally friendly options to get a safe driving experience.
There are predominantly three types of electric vehicles, each of these are accompanied with their own advantages.
Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs)
Hybrid electric vehicles are powered by both petrol and electricity. These vehicles utilize the electric energy generated by their own braking system to recharge the battery. This process is commonly known as ‘regenerative braking’. In this process, the electric motor helps to slow the automobile and utilize some of the energy which is normally converted to heat by the brakes. Toyota Camry Hybrid and Honda Civic Hybrid are popular and reliable HEVs that ensure best economy for all the driving conditions. They use an electric motor to start off and then the petrol engine cuts in as a load or speed rises.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs)
PHEVs also popular as Extended-Range Electric Vehicles (EREVs), are a type of EV that is powered by both petrol and electricity. They can use both the ‘plugging-in’ to an external electrical charging outlet and regenerative braking to charge the battery. The best part is that the petrol engine in PHEVs increases the range of the car by recharging the battery as it gets low. Based on the choice of main energy source, PHEVs differ greatly. For instance, Toyota Prius runs good on petrol, whereas the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is supports electricity.
Battery electric vehicles (BEVs)
BEVs (also called as ‘plug-in’ electric vehicles) are completely electric vehicles, as they are only powered by electricity and don’t have a fuel tank, petrol engine or exhaust pipe. Additionally, they utilize an external electrical charging outlet or regenerative braking to recharge the battery. BMW i3 and Nissan Leaf are widely recognizable Battery electric vehicles that emits zero carbon dioxide exhaust.
Advantages of EVs or ‘plug-in electric vehicles
When compared with traditional gasoline automobiles, EVs can save you a fair bit of money with very lower fuel costs. These automobiles are however more expensive to purchase rather than the convention automobiles that run on fuel. EVs do not emit any tailpipe pollutants. While the power plant producing the electricity may emit them.
But a great benefit of purchasing an EV is that its operating costs substantially less. Also, the governments in a number of countries provide tax credits and other incentives to its buyers, which reduces the overall up-front cost.
Furthermore, these vehicles offer great performance benefits by providing quiet and smooth operation along with stronger acceleration. As a result, their engines require less maintenance as compared to the internal combustion engines (ICEs).